Venetian Architecture

Jacopo Sansovino

Jacopo Tatti, called the Sansovino (Florence, July 2, 1486 - Venice, November 27, 1570) was an Italian architect and sculptor. It was the Proto (maximum architect) of the Republic of Venice from 1529 until his death. He began his artistic apprenticeship in the workshop of Andrea Contucci, called Il Sansovino, from which it inherited its nickname.


Andrea Palladio

Andrea Palladio, pseudonym of Andrea di Pietro, was an architect, architectural theorist and designer of the Italian Renaissance, citizen of the Republic of Venice. Influenced by greek-Roman period, primarily by Vitruvius, is considered one of the most influential personalities in the history of Western architecture. His buildings are located in what was the Venetian Republic.


Venetian Architecture

Venice has a legendary reputation for its extensive artistic heritage that was recognized by UNESCO with the distinction of World Heritage Site in 1987 for the historic town and the lagoon.

Venice has a rich and varied architectural styles, the most important of which is the Gothic style. Venetian Gothic architecture is a term given to a Venetian building style combining use of the Gothic lancet arch with Byzantine, Arab and a lot of another architecture influences. Chief examples in the city of this style are the Palazzo Ducale and the palace Ca' d'Oro.

The architecture of the city experienced an special bright during the Renaissance, with architects such as Pietro Lombardo, Mauro Codussi and Jacopo Sansovino. In religious architecture, the most remarkable work of the Venetian Renaissance is the Chiesa di Santa Maria dei Miracoli, where Pietro Lombardo uses marbles and rich materials creating a chromatic effect reminiscent of the Venetian paintings. Among the most successful architects in Venetian Renaissance is Mauro Codussi, which will project such notable buildings as the Palazzo Vendramin Calergi, the Scuola Grande di San Marco or the imposing fa├žade of the Chiesa di San Zaccaria. And finally Jacopo Sansovino, author of the monumental Biblioteca Marciana, which Andrea Palladio tell that is the best building erected since Antiquity. The architects Andrea Palladio and Vincenzo Scamozzi also left notable works in Renaissance Venice.

In the Baroque, most prominent architect is Baldassare Longhena, author of the palace Ca 'Rezzonico and of the impressive Basilica di Santa Maria della Salute.

Since 1893 the city hosts the Venice Biennale, which includes since 1980 the Venice Architecture Biennale, held in odd years, with the mission to showcase and develop architectural proposals.


14th International Architecture Exhibition

The 14th International Architecture Exhibition, directed by the architect Rem Koolhaas, will be held from Saturday 7th June to Sunday 23rd November 2014 at the Giardini and Arsenale venues in Venice.

The Mostra di Architettura di Venezia, the Architecture section of the Venice Biennale, was established in 1980, although architecture had been a part of the art biennale since 1968. The Biennale is an occasion where big-name architects and designers can showcase new projects, arranged in different pavilions, each with different themes.

The Giardini area is the historical site of the Biennale, whereas it was the Architecture section that reopened the Arsenale in 1980 using the site as an exhibition venue, which in subsequent years was extended to further Arsenale areas.

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